|Habitat and behavior of selected Apiocera and Rhaphiomidas (Diptera, Apioceridae), and descriptions of the immature stages of A. hispida|
|Toft, CA, Kimsey, LS|
|Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society|
|Apiocera (Pyrocera), Apioceridae, biology, Mydidae, Nearctic, Rhaphiomidas, Rhaphiomidinae|
We report observations on habitat and behavior for five species of apiocerid, Apiocera exta Cazier, A. hispida Cazier, A. haruspex atrifasciata Cazier, A. pearceri Cazier, and Rhaphiomidas aitkeni Cazier, in the Mojave and Great Basin deserts of California. For A. hispida, we describe a fifth instar larva, pupae, ad emergence; these are the first such descriptions for any North American Apiocera. All species seem specific to habitats combining a sandy substrate with high subsurface moisture. At all sites, regardless of elevation, apiocerids are present phenologically late in the season, after the peak of flowering and general insect activity. Our observations suggest that apiocerids lek, but further study on this question is indicated.