|Revision of African Apiocera (Diptera: Apioceridae)|
|Annals of the Natal Museum|
|Afrotropical, Apiocera (Ripidosyrma), Apioceridae, key|
Africa has three species of Apiocera (Diptera: Apioceridae), all restricted to the Cape province of South Africa. Apiocera africana Paramonov is newly synonymised with A. alastor (Walker). A new species, A. badipeniculata, is described from specimens collected in the Tankwa district of the Karoo. A. braunsi Melander is the most widespread species and is most abundant in collections. All African species are shown to belong to a monophyletic group distinct from their congeners on other continents. A. alastor and A. braunsi are sister-species. Wing venation, abdominal patterns and features of the male genitalia are illustrated, species distributions are mapped and a key to species is provided.