deciphering their diversity and evolutionary history

Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Asiloid Flies
deciphering their diversity and evolutionary history

Sample of Asiloid Flies

Web-based identification keys to Apioceridae, Asilidae, and Mydidae taxa, which have either been adapted from previously published keys and converted for web-based dissemination or the keys are more recent and developed specifically for web-based dissemination.

The software Lucid Phoenix is used to import paper-based keys or to create web-based dichotomous keys. Some of the previously published keys are illustrated with original drawings from the publication, added images, or links to respective web-sites with images. Multi-access, matrix-based identification keys are developed with Lucid Builder (version 3.5).

The majority of keys runs from the Lucidcentral Keyserver and the remaining ones are being moved over from this platform.

Displaying 22 records

Plyomydas (Castillo and Dikow 2017)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Mydinae: Plyomydas (1 genera with 3 species)
Geographical coverage: Neotropical: Argentina, Paraguay, Peru
This key is based on the revision in Castillo and Dikow 2017, which can be downloaded at 10.1016/j.rbe.2017.03.002.
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)

Plyomydas (Castillo and Dikow 2017)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Mydinae: Plyomydas (1 genera with 3 species)
Geographical coverage: Neotropical: Argentina, Paraguay, Peru
This key is based on the revision in Castillo and Dikow 2017, which can be downloaded at 10.1016/j.rbe.2017.03.002.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Namadytes (based on Dikow and Leon 2014)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Syllegomydinae: Namadytes (1 genera with 3 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Namibia, South Africa
This key is based on the revision in Dikow and Leon 2014, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/BDJ.2.e1071.
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)

Namadytes (Dikow and Leon 2014)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Syllegomydinae: Namadytes (1 genera with 3 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Namibia, South Africa
This key is based on the revision in Dikow and Leon 2014, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/BDJ.2.e1071.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Anasillomos (Dikow 2015)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Stenopogoninae: Anasillomos (1 genera with 2 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2015a, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4652.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Anasillomos (Dikow 2015)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Stenopogoninae: Anasillomos (1 genera with 2 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2015a, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/BDJ.3.e4652.
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)

Schildia (Dikow and Bayless 2009)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Leptogastrinae: Schildia (1 genera with 10 species)
Geographical coverage: Neotropical: Brazil, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica, Panama, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela + Madagascar and Malaysia
This key is based on the revision in Dikow and Bayless 2009, which can be downloaded at 10.1163/187631209X458358.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Euscelidia (Dikow 2003)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Leptogastrinae: Euscelidia (1 genera with 68 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroun, DR Congo, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2003, which can be downloaded at 10.5281/zenodo.32467.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:
  • Unfortuantely, this online key does not include images of all character states and species because digital images were not taken at the time of the revision in 2000–2001.

Lasiocnemus (Dikow 2007)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Leptogastrinae: Lasiocnemus (1 genera with 7 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Botswana, Cameroun, Cote d'Ivoire, DR Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2007, which can be downloaded at 10.4001/1021-3589-15.1.57.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Lasiocnemus (based on Dikow 2007)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Leptogastrinae: Lasiocnemus (1 genera with 7 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Botswana, Cameroun, Cote d'Ivoire, DR Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2007, which can be downloaded at 10.4001/1021-3589-15.1.57.
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)

Leptogastrinae genera (version 2, July 2013)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: Leptogastrinae: (17 genera with species)
Geographical coverage: : world
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)
Notes:

- The key includes all currently recognized 17 genera (July 2013).

Namibimydas and Nothomydas (Dikow 2012)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Syllegomydinae: Namibimydas, Nothomydas (2 genera with 8 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Namibia, South Africa
This key is based on the revision in Dikow 2012, which can be downloaded at 10.5733/afin.053.0105.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Mydidae of Israel and surrounding regions (version 1, May 2012)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Leptomydinae: Leptomydas, Perissocerus, Rhopalia, Syllegomydas (4 genera with 12 species)
Geographical coverage: Palaearctic: Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:

- Precise geographical scope: south-eastern Mediterranean from western Egypt, to Israel and to northern Syria and the Palaearctic parts of the Arabian Peninsula including Iraq and Syria (Mydidae have not been recorded from Bahrain, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Kuweit, and Qatar).

- This key is still preliminary (May 2012) and will be enhanced, it is part of a manuscript reviewing the Mydidae of Israel by T. Dikow and A. Freidberg.
- The key does not include Leptomydas maculatus (Walker, 1871) and Syllegomydas spinipes Bezzi, 1924 because the type specimens are either lost or destroyed and no other specimens could be associated with these names.

Palaearctic Mydidae genera (Richter 1997)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: : Eremomidas, Hispanomydas, Leptomydas, Rhopalia, Rhopaliana, Perissocerus, Syllegomydas (7 genera with species)
Geographical coverage: Palaearctic: Palaearctic Region
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:
  • Intern Sara Parilo enhanced key by Richter 1997 by attaching images to all characters and a representative of each genus (July 2011).

Ectyphinae of the world (based on Lyons and Dikow 2010)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Ectyphinae: Ectyphus, Heteromydas, Opomydas, Parectyphus (4 genera with 10 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, USA
This key is based on the revision in Lyons and Dikow 2010, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/zookeys.73.840.
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)

Ectyphinae of the world (Lyons and Dikow 2010)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Ectyphinae: Ectyphus, Heteromydas, Opomydas, Parectyphus (4 genera with 10 species)
Geographical coverage: Afrotropical: Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, USA
This key is based on the revision in Lyons and Dikow 2010, which can be downloaded at 10.3897/zookeys.73.840.
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)

Mydidae subfamilies after Papavero and Wilcox 1974 with the addition of Megascelinae and Rhaphiomidinae by T. Dikow

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: : ( genera with species)
Geographical coverage: : world
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:
  • the key was originally published in Papavero and Wilcox in 1974 and can be downloaded at 10.11606/issn.2176-7793.v25i1p1-34.
  • Torsten Dikow added the Megascelinae and Rhaphiomidinae to the key, adjusted the terminology, and attached images to several characters and a representative of each subfamily taxon.

Asilidae subfamily taxa sensu Dikow (2009)

Taxon coverage: Asilidae: : ( genera with species)
Geographical coverage: : world
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
multi-access, matrix-based (powered by Lucid Builder)
Notes:

- This interactive, matrix-based identification key is provided to place all Asilidae genera in the revised, phylogenetic classification of 14 subfamily taxa proposed by Dikow (2009), i.e., Asilinae, Bathypogoninae, Brachyrhopalinae, Dasypogoninae, Dioctriinae, Laphriinae, Leptogastrinae, Ommatiinae, Phellinae, Stenopogoninae, Stichopogoninae, Tillobromatinae, Trigonomiminae, and Willistonininae.

- The phylogenetic analysis, which is the basis for this classification, was published in Dikow (2009) and can be downloaded as an open-access PDF from the AMNH library.

- The characters for this key are taken from Table 7 and are illustrated with photographs and line drawings in the interactive key, which are partly taken from Dikow (2009). Photographs of Asilidae were kindly provided by Michael Thomas, Giff Beaton, Fritz Geller-Grimm, Riley Nelson, Eileen Collins, and Robert Copeland.

Mydini (Wilcox, Papavero, and Pimentel 1989)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Mydinae: Baliomydas, Chrysomydas, Ceriomydas, Gauromydas, Mapinguari, Mydas, Protomydas, Stratiomydas, Utinga (9 genera with 54 species)
Geographical coverage: : New World
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:

Mydas ventralis couplets shortened
- The key to the females of the Mydas interruptus group is not included. Mydas floridensis can only be keyed out using the originally published key.
- keys to Baliomydas & Ceriomydas from Papavero and Wilcox 1971.
- Baliomydas tricolor not included as no specimens had been studied.
- Ceriomydas vespoides is not in the original key by Wilcox and Papavero 1971, but Ceriomydas darlingtoni is found twice so that T. Dikow resolved the key based on the included descriptions.

Pseudonomoneura (Fitzgerald and Kondratieff 1995, 1997)

Taxon coverage: Mydidae: Leptomydinae: Pseudonomeura (1 genera with 7 species)
Geographical coverage: Nearctic: Canada, Mexico, USA
This key is based on the revision in , which can be downloaded at .
Type of key:
dichotomous (powered by Lucid Phoenix)
Notes:

- Intern Sara Parilo updated this key (July 2011) and attached images to all characters and species.
- This key relies heavily on male terminalia and it is best to have a male specimen for identification.
- You can download the original publications with the descriptions and keys as a PDF from the BHL: Fitzgerald and Kondratieff 1995 and Fitzgerald and Kondratieff 1997.

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